Addictions, Causes, Consequences, Rehab, Alcohol, Drugs Abuse, Clinic, Treatment, Resources, Therapy
Updated: Oct 25, 2019
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What is an addiction?
Addiction is any substance or behavior that activates our reward system in the brain. For this reason, the person creates a need or dependence to continue repeating these behaviors or consuming the substance. He feels an immense desire to repeat that sensation over and over again, to the point of losing control of self even if want to quit the behavior or consumption.
Why do people become addicted?
There is something called dependence, which is key for a person to become addicted. Dependence consists of increasing the dose of the substance or behavior to be able to feel a greater sensation of pleasure or to repeat the initial sensation.
For example, if the person who consumes a substance felt certain euphoria when consuming it, he no longer feels the same and has to increase the dose to repeat the same sensation. This happens because of tolerance. Tolerance is that the initial dose of the substance no longer works and needs a larger dose.
Another example is that of a person who goes to the casino, the feeling of betting and being in the expectation that he could win makes him feel excited even if he loses and bets all his money. Betting that amount of money no longer has the same feeling and you need to put greater amounts at risk to feel the same as you felt with the smaller amounts.
In general, whatever substance or behavior we become addicted to, this is due to the intense activation of the pleasure zones of the brain, and there is a need to repeat what has made us feel good over and over again.
What do people get addicted to?
People become addicted to substances such as alcohol, medications (sedatives, stimulants, hypnotics, anxiolytics, among others), tobacco, controlled substances (cocaine and its derivatives), among others.
The behaviors or situations that cause addiction are games (bets, games), certain sexual behaviors, the use of cell phones, the internet or social networks, among others.
Symptoms of addictions
-Irreversible neurological or brain damage
-Aggression and/or irritability
-Changes in appetite
Consequences of addictions
-Loss of friends
-Irreparable physical and neurological damage
-Isolation from family and friends
-Children underweight and abortions (during pregnancy)
-Babies with deformations.
-Irreparable damage to the CNS Central Nervous System
Interventions and treatment
Depending on the severity of the addiction, the substance consumed, the type of addicted behavior, social or environmental factors and physical symptoms, the treatment will vary. While people who use substances need detox, addictive behaviors do not need that process. For example, someone who has used cocaine for a few weeks, will not need the same procedure of intervention, treatment, and detoxification than a person who has used the same substance for five years has tried to get out of the addiction several times and has failed.
1- The person who has an addiction generally does recognize that has a problem. If the addicted acknowledges that he has a problem, and is willing to receive help, he has a large percentage earned. For this reason, in the process of detoxification and treatment should involve people who could help the affected person without judging. When the helper judge, instead of solving the problem, would complicate it.
2- Seeking professional help is non-negotiable. Many people fail in the recovery process because they want to do it for themselves. The main cause is withdrawal. Withdrawal consists of emotional, physical and mental symptoms that the body creates in the absence of what causes addiction.
When the addiction is by substance, withdrawal symptoms can have serious physical consequences, which needs a specialized staff. In this way, any consequence in the process can be handled.
3- Follow up on therapies and treatments until their term. The process of leaving addictions has risks that must be learned to be handled in every way, such as: improving family relationships, friendships, places visited, situations to avoid, among others. If the addicted is unable to handle these situations, is vulnerable to falling back into addictions.
Resources for addictions
- Coach to Quit Smoking Marihuana eBook, Clik Here.